& Social Characteristics
total of 75876 persons were enumerated for the 1997 Census. This
represents a 2% increase over the previous census count 3 years earlier,
and amounts to an average annual increase of about 0.7 percent.
gender composition has been consistently well balanced over the last
couple of decades. However, the trend indicates a slow rise in the
percentage of female population while that of the male decreases. Of the
enumerated population, 49.5% were males and 50.5% were females.
population of Seychelles continues to age. The percentage of the
population aged less than 20 years decreased from 40.2% in 1994 to 38.6%
in 1997. On the other hand the older age bracket of 65 years or more has
increased from 7.3% to 7.6% over the same period. The median age has
reached to 26.4.
the last 2 censuses, administrative district boundaries have been
redefined and the number of administrative divisions has increased from 22
to 25 electoral districts. The district found with the highest proportion
of the population is Anse Boileau. La Digue was found to be the smallest
district in terms of population size.
of the enumerated population are Seychellois. 94.3% are Seychellois by
birth, 2.3% are Seychellois by descent and 0.7% by naturalisation or
Table: Population by district & broad age groups, Census 1997
total of 37409 persons make up the labour force. This accounts for about
64% of the population aged 12 plus. Out of the economically active
population, some 10% (3810 persons) were unemployed job seekers. The
working population, which includes all persons either fully or partially
employed, amounts to 33559 persons.
Participation Rates by Gender
look at the gender indicates a higher participation rate for males than
for females. Male participation in the labour force is higher by about 9%.
Over 21% of males over 15 are inactive compared to 32% of females in the
same age group. However, unemployment rates differ by only 1% comparing
males and females.
age dependency ratio, which is a measure of the proportion of the
population in the non-working ages to those in the working ages, was
measured at 56.4%.
79% of the working population are employees. The public and private
sectors each employ about one third of the working population, whereas the
parastatal sector accounts for 11.5% of the same population.
levels among the working population continue to improve. 2.8% of the
working population had not had any schooling compared to 3.9% in 1994. The
proportion represented by those who attained only primary school education
has also reduced from over 20% to 17.6% for the same population. Over
third of the working population have attained upper secondary education.
This includes fifth year secondary as well as National youth Service
and other public services is the single most important sector, employing
36% of the working population. The tourism sector accounts for 16% of the
working population. While females participation have decreased in the
agricultural and fishing sectors, the opposite is true for the
manufacturing, domestic and social & other services sectors. The
proportion represented by the domestic sector has recorded the highest
increase (13%) among all sectors. The proportion of expatriate workers has
increased in the trade, tourism, business and social services sectors.
Contrary to popular belief, the 1997 figures suggest a decrease in the
overall population of expatriate workers in the working population.
largest single occupational group is the elementary workers and labourers.
17.8% of the working population falls in this group. 5539 persons (16.5%)
of the working population are employed in scientific, professional and
associate professional jobs, while legislators, senior officials and
managers represent of the same population. One out of five of the female
workers are professionals and associate professionals and over 22% work in
the protective service. The proportion of women working as machine
operators or drivers has increased from 0.8% in 1994 to 1.7% in 1997.
Table: Population aged 12 & over by economic status & broad
age groups, Census 1997
total of 17,878 households were enumerated, representing a 4.5% increase
in the number of households over the 1994 census. With the enumerated
population at 75,876, this gives an average household size of 4.2 persons
compared to 4.3 persons in 1994.
household stock is estimated to have increased by a total of 791 dwellings
(4.7%) between 1994 to 1997. Among all electoral districts, Plaisance
recorded the highest number of households (890) followed by Mont Fleuri
(880). Roche Caiman and Port Glaud districts are at the lower extreme with
456 households each.
look at the houses by construction material shows that the majority of
houses in Seychelles (7 out of 10) are mainly made of stone and/or blocks.
One out of four houses is constructed of wood and /or iron.
proportion of households that have tapped water in the home has steadily
increased from 47% in 1977, 75% in 1987 and 82% in 1994. As at 1997, 85%
of all households had access to tapped water within the home. Conversely,
the proportion of households getting water from the public standpipe or
from river or wells is on the decrease. In 1997, 11% of households were
getting water from rivers, streams or wells compared to 16% in 1994.
The last census reported only 1% of households obtaining water from the
total of 16488 (92%) of all households were reported to have access to
electricity. In 1987, only three quarters of all households had access to
electricity and as at census 1977 less than half of all households were
1987, less than two thirds of households were reported to have a flush
toilet. This figure has increased to 78% in 1994 and in 1997, up to 86% of
households have flush toilets, 9% have pit latrines and some 2% were
reported to have no toilet facilities in the home.
Table: Housing stock & number of households by district, Census 1994
number of households that were rearing livestock in 1994 was over two and
a half times that in 1997. Relative to the total number of households, the
figure fell from 30% in 1994 to 11% in 1997. Of the 2245 households that
had carried out farming activities, 1185 (53%) sold their produce,
of which 77% cultivated mainly for sale and 18% sold the surplus only. As
for the households that reared livestock, 1243 (63%) of them sold their
animals, of which three quarters mainly reared for sale and 22% reported
that they only sold the surplus.
Table: Households engaged in agricultural activities by type of activity,
Census 1994 & 1997
Information has been extracted from the National Housing Census 1997
Booklet. More detailed information, tables and graphs can be obtained from the booklet. See